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Neurofeedback

Updated:

Jun 7, 2023

Reviewed by:

Ben Pearson, LCSW

"Clinical studies have shown that neurofeedback has the potential to reshape the brain's functioning, leading to lasting improvements in mental health and well-being." - Journal of Clinical Psychology

Overview

Neurofeedback, also known as EEG biofeedback, is a non-invasive therapeutic technique that aims to train individuals to self-regulate their brainwave activity. It involves measuring electrical activity in the brain through an electroencephalogram (EEG) and providing feedback to the individual in real-time, allowing them to learn how to modify their brainwave patterns.



Process

How Does Neurofeedback Work?

Neurofeedback is a method that assists subjects to control their brain waves consciously. In fact, the electroencephalography (EEG) is recorded during the neurofeedback treatment. Then, its various components are extracted and fed to subjects using online feedback loop in the form of audio, video or their combination.**



What is the Neurofreedback Process?

  1. Assessment: A comprehensive evaluation is conducted to identify the individual's specific symptoms, goals, and areas of dysregulation.

  2. EEG Recording: Electrodes are placed on the scalp to measure brainwave activity and record the EEG signals.

  3. Feedback Training: The individual engages in a neurofeedback session, during which they receive auditory, visual, or tactile feedback that reflects their brainwave activity. This feedback is designed to reward and reinforce desired brainwave patterns.

  4. Self-Regulation Training: Through repeated neurofeedback sessions, the individual learns to recognize and modify their brainwave activity, gradually improving self-regulation skills.

  5. Progress Monitoring: Regular assessments and ongoing monitoring are conducted to evaluate progress and adjust the neurofeedback protocols as needed.



**Marzbani, Hengameh et al. “Neurofeedback: A Comprehensive Review on System Design, Methodology and Clinical Applications.” Basic and clinical neuroscience vol. 7,2 (2016)

process

Benefits

Physical Benefits

  • Enhanced relaxation response

  • Improved sleep patterns

  • Reduced muscle tension and pain

  • Enhanced physiological self-regulation