"Motivational Interviewing is a collaborative, goal-oriented approach that enhances intrinsic motivation and promotes behavior change by exploring and resolving ambivalence." - National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a counseling technique that focuses on facilitating behavior change by exploring and strengthening an individual's own intrinsic motivation. It is a collaborative and person-centered approach that helps individuals resolve ambivalence and move towards positive change by eliciting and amplifying their own motivations, values, and goals.
Engaging: Establishing rapport, building trust, and creating a supportive environment.
Focusing: Identifying the specific behavior or issue that the individual wants to address and exploring their reasons for change.
Evoking: Eliciting the individual's own motivations, values, and goals related to the behavior change. Using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and affirmations to enhance intrinsic motivation.
Planning: Collaboratively developing a concrete plan of action that is feasible, specific, and tailored to the individual's needs and preferences.
Consolidating: Strengthening commitment to change, discussing potential barriers, and providing ongoing support and encouragement.